Lancaster Vacation – Day Three – Trip To Lititz

Having spent two days in downtown Lancaster my plan for the third day of my vacation was to drive to Lititz. This made me a little anxious because I had to leave the parking garage and find my way north. Fortunately I did this without making any mistakes. Exiting the parking garage was a delicate process of driving clear up to the top deck and following the exit signs back down to the ground deck where the exit is located off Chestnut Street. I used my parking ticket to open the gate.

My GPS device guided me through the one way streets until I got to PA-501 at which point it was a straight shoot north to go to Lititz. Along the way I passed the Lancaster Airport which just looked like a huge field. Unfortunately this day was even drearier than the day before which prevented me from getting any good photos. Also my right foot was really hurting me by this time so I was feeling slightly miserable.

I parked at Lititz Springs Park which is very convenient if you get there early enough. I did see it fill up later on in the day. The Lititz Springs Park is a pleasant little park although it was a very wet and muggy day. I saw lots of ducks swimming in the small canal. The first thing I photographed was the Lititz Wall of Remembrance and then the William B. Oehme Gazebo. I then crossed North Broad Street and walked north to find the Toy Soldier Restaurant & Pub. I noticed a Mexican restaurant Chilangos Authentic Mexican Restaurante which I took as further evidence that Latinos were making inroads into Lancaster County. I think there are very few Latinos in Williamsport.

After locating and walking the length of East Main Street I eventually had breakfast at the Cafe Arabella because it was open. I had a blueberry bagel and a large Cafe au Lait. I sat outside the Zest! store and kept on eye on Aaron’s Books across the street which opens at 10:00 a.m. As soon as it was open I went there and bought two books: “Rabbits” by Terry Miles and “Show & Tell: Writers on Writing” published by the University of North Carolina Wilmington. I went back to the car to place this purchase in the back seat.

Aaron's Books

Aaron’s Books

After this I must have gone to the Wilbur Chocolate Retail Store since my receipt shows the time 10:33 a.m. I bought some chocolate covered marshmallows, some chocolates with sea salt, and a bag of chocolate drops. I went back to the car to place this purchase in the back seat.

Next I went to the Julius Sturgis Pretzel Bakery where I bought Spicy Honey Mustard for dipping pretzels, a bag of Horse and Buggy pretzels, and a teddy bear with a “Pretzel Lover” scarf. All this only came to $21.23 which was quite reasonable. I did not do the tour because you have to make a reservation online. My receipt shows that I was there at 11:04 a.m. I went back to the car to place this purchase in the back seat.

Julius Sturgis Pretzel Bakery

Julius Sturgis Pretzel Bakery

Then I went to the Lititz Historical Foundation which opened after 11:00 a.m. I went into their garden before going to the Julius Sturgis Pretzel Bakery because the garden was open to the public. The Lititz Historical Foundation offers tours of a second house but I just went on a self guided tour of the main house. There were several rooms filled with artifacts.

After that I went to Purple Robin Reserve were I bought a giclée print by artist Margaret Thorn Mack & Manco, Ocean City, NJ 2009. This was a bit expensive at $45.00 but I thought it was a great piece of art work to buy on vacation because it really captured the vacation spirit, although I have never been to Ocean City NJ. This of course had to be taken back to the car which was painful with my bad foot. According to my receipt I made this purchase at 11:52 p.m.

I’m pretty sure I had lunch at Chilangos Authentic Mexican Restaurante around noon. I had been keeping my eye on this place to see when it would open. It did not appear to be open until after 12:00 p.m. I was shown to a table on the second floor. I ordered the Enchiladas Rojas o Verdes, 4 chicken enchiladas with green or red sauce, served with lettuce, cheese and sour cream. I had the green sauce. I think it came to $15.09 so I paid that exact amount in cash but left two dollars on the table as a tip. I probably should have eaten at the more iconic Bulls Head Public House but since I was studying Spanish I was more interested in Mexican cuisine. The best thing about Mexican food is the sour cream.

Chilangos Authentic Mexican Restaurante

Chilangos Authentic Mexican Restaurante

After lunch I went to Isabella’s Ice Cream Parlor for desert. I got an ice cream cone with two or three scoops of ice cream which was really too much. I ate it in a hurry because the ice cream was melting. I was pretty much done with Lititz at this point but before I left I walked down South Broad Street and found the Lititz Music Co. store where I bought two CDs; Best of the Eurythmics and the Evita soundtrack.

Isabella's Ice Cream Parlor

Isabella’s Ice Cream Parlor

Instead of driving directly back to the hotel I decided to visit the Barnes and Noble bookstore in the Red Rose Commons shopping mall. I entered the address 1700 Fruitville Pike into my GPS device. I stopped at a Sheetz on Lititz Pike to fill up my gas tank at 1:45 p.m. I managed to drive to the book store without making any driving mistakes. I’m glad I made this detour because I discovered that this store has two entire book cases of books in Spanish. I bought three books in Spanish; Ficciones by Jorge Luis Borges, James Y El Melocoton Gigante by Roald Dahl, and El Laberinto Del Fauno by Guillermo Del Toro, Cornelia Funke. Only the Roald Dahl book is something I could read given my limited vocabulary and even then I would need to Google Translate every page.

Barnes & Nobles Booksellers

Barnes & Nobles Booksellers

Once back at my hotel I spent some time relaxing before heading out for some final activities. First I went to the CVS Pharmacy to make an ATM withdrawal since I had spent a lot of cash in Lititz. I found a Star Wars Solo Blu-ray which I decided to buy since I saw that film on my trip to Boston. My receipt shows that I was there at 4:04 p.m. Next I went to Zoetropolis which I finally found open. I had some deviled eggs with fish roe, an unusual twist on this classic Pennsylvania Dutch dish. Finally I went to Madcap and Company on North Queen Street where I bought a Edgar Allen Poe bookmark.

That was the end of my Lancaster vacation. I had planned to stick around the city on Sunday after checking out of my hotel but my feet were killing me and I did not feel like it. I got up very early and left as soon as possible. I did have some problems with my parking garage ticket. I had to go back to the lobby to get a hotel guest entry/exit ticket so I could get the gate to lift. My GPS device guided me perfectly on the drive home. I stopped at Burger King in Lewisburg for breakfast at 8:00 a.m. and used their restroom. On the log drive home I listened to my Spanish music CDs.

I think my trip went almost perfectly but I was still a bit depressed by the bad weather and my slight injuries. The only real problems were being given two sandwiches, the problem with my hotel key card, and the parking ticket not being accepted when I left. What went well was I drove everywhere without making a single driving mistake. Making a side trip to Lititz is something to be proud of since I don’t usually use my car to get around once I arrive at a city. I had planned this trip way back in 2019 before the pandemic so it was great to finally put these plans into effect.

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Lancaster Vacation – Day Two

My objective on the second day of my vacation was to take some photos of establishments and landmarks which I forgot on the first day and to visit some museums and other establishments. Unfortunately it was a very cloudy and dreary day so the light was not good for taking photos.

The first thing I did was visit the Central Market because it was open very early at 6:00 p.m. The Central Market was not open on May 12 because that was a Thursday. But it was open on May 13th, a Friday. I wandered around the Central Market but did not see a food court where you could sit and eat. So I only bought a doughnut from an Amish man and ate it on a bench outside.

While I was in the Penn Square area, I located several places I had forgotten to photograph including; the Tellus360 Irish Pub, Pubforge, the Lancaster County Convention Center, the Southern Market Lancaster brick building, Fig Industries, La Cocina Restaurant, and the Demuth Musuem.

Pubforge

Pubforge

After that I walked all the way to the Lancaster Cemetery via Duke Street. Walking though the wet grass got my shoes wet and probably caused the large blister I finally got on my right foot. But I did find the grave of Augusta Bitner. This grave features a life sized statue of the Virgin Mary which is said to be haunted. Finding the grave was a little difficult until I noticed the buildings in the background of the photo in my notes. I was then able to look around and saw the houses which must form the backdrop to her grave, one of which had a pointed tower.

Augusta Bitner Grave

Augusta Bitner Grave

Leaving the cemetery I walked west and it started to rain although just some light showers. I immediately headed back to the hotel to get my umbrella. Once I had my umbrella my objective was to take photos of the places on my list. One of these establishments was Maison restaurant on North Prince Street but this restaurant proved to be permanently closed. Still I took some photos of where it used to be. Next I located Flora’s on North Mulberry Street. This restaurant specializes in Latin American fusion cuisine. Unfortunately this restaurant was closed because the owner’s were on vacation. Nearby was Rachel’s Café & Creperie so I stopped in there for breakfast. I ordered the Rodeo crepe, a glass of orange juice and a coffee. The Rodeo crepe was filled with bacon and eggs and made for a large breakfast. The glass of orange juice was large and the cup of coffee did not come with any milk or cream. Rachel’s Café & Creperie was in a different location on my previous trip to Lancaster in 2010. It was great to finally give this place a try.

Rachel's Café & Creperie

Rachel’s Café & Creperie

After breakfast I found the Shreiner-Concord Cemetery nearby where Thaddeus Stevens’ tomb is located. This small cemetery is surrounded by residential houses so was kind of like a small park. This cemetery is located behind the Fulton Elementary School on West Orange Street.

Thaddeus Stevens' Tomb

Thaddeus Stevens’ Tomb

Next I think I visited the Lancaster Museum of Art at around 10:00 a.m. I must have gone along East Orange Street because I took a photo of the YWCA on the way. At the Lancaster Museum of Art I saw the exhibit of work by Mark Wagner “Art Made From Money”. Lancaster-based artist Mark Wagner shares his thought-provoking and satirical artwork made entirely from deconstructed U.S. dollars to explore the intersection of wealth, power, value, and American identity. This special exhibition features over 50 meticulously constructed pieces and takes a special look into the artist’s creative process. This artist must have been made of money because his art work sure was! All of his art work is made from real money as destroying money is not illegal. I was tempted to buy a catalog but it was $15.00 for just a thin booklet. I’m not made of money! I had trouble getting the door open to leave but the lady in the museum managed to get it open for me.

Lancaster Museum of Art

Lancaster Museum of Art

After leaving the Lancaster Museum of Art I think I went to its sister museum the Demuth Museum. I had visited this museum on my first trip to Lancaster but that was over ten years ago so things would have changed. Instead of going through the arch to the garden in the back to enter the museum you can now enter through the front door. I watched a short film about Charles Demuth’s life and artistic impact. Then I viewed the art work downstairs before climbing the steep set of stairs to the second floor which only had a few display cases of artifacts like the artist’s hat. The final exhibit room was dark but the lights came on when I entered. The exhibition I saw was called “Between Two Worlds” and featured the paintings of artist Helen Berggruen. The second floor art work seemed to be a response to Helen Berggruen’s work by Elizabethtown College Faculty. Only Jeff Bye’s wide painting of the interior of the Parkway Theater in Baltimore MD was interesting.

The Demuth Museum

The Demuth Museum

I don’t remember the exact sequence of events but I did go to Read Rose Books where I bought the hard cover novel “Whitethorn Woods” by Maeve Binchy. I did not particularly want this book but I felt obligated to buy something. I am familiar with this popular Irish novelist from my research for my trip to Dublin. I also went to Winding Way Books which was not exactly where I thought it would be. You enter the front door next to Mr. Suit Records and then climb a steep set of stairs to the second floor to find Winding Way Books down a hall way. I bought two books I found in the Theater section; “In the Boom Boom Room” by David Rabe, “From Option To Open” by Donald Farber. After that I went into a few of the art galleries on the nearby Gallery Row and bought a card at the Freiman Stoltzfus Gallery.

I do know the exact time I went to the CVS Pharmacy on West Lemon Street to use the ATM. It was 1:55 p.m. I also bought some things I thought I would need; Compeed Blister cushions, a travel size of Dove Shampoo for Men, a Dove Moist Bar of soap, and Tylenol Arthritis capsules.

I remember I had some trouble getting back into my room. My key card would not open the door. I went down to the lobby to get a new key card but it still would not open the door. Eventually the maintenance man had to look into the problem. They had the key cards set for room 835 instead of room 825.

For dinner I made an online reservation at Citronnelle, a fancy and expensive French restaurant on West Orange Street. This restaurant was not even in my notes but I saw it on Google Maps. I rested in my hotel room for over an hour before going to the restaurant because my feet were killing me. When I arrived right on time at the restaurant I found the door was locked. I was going to walk away but fortunately I noticed a door bell so I rang that and the waiter instantly opened the door. He knew exactly who I was going to be because I was the only diner at that early hour, 5:30 p.m. The restaurant seemed very fussy and everyone had to wear face masks except for the diners. They made me move even though the restaurant was empty. I ordered the Creamy Crab Croquettes, the Dark Chocolate Soufflé, and a cappuccino. I probably should have ordered a second course but I was not too hungry. While I waited for the crab croquettes I was given two small squares of heavily spiced bread to eat. The Creamy Crab Croquettes turned out to be very mushy and cold but I think they probably were meant to be like that. The Dark Chocolate Soufflé came with some crème brûlée to pour into the cake. The entire meal cost me $55.44 so it was as expensive as a New York City restaurant. I did not mind splurging on my first vacation in almost two years.

Citronnelle

Citronnelle

After dinner I walked to Penn Square before realizing I had forgotten my umbrella at Citronnelle. I had to walk back to fetch it. Then I walked back to Penn Square  and entered the Annie Bailey’s Irish Public House. I wanted to have a pint at Tellus360 but they seemed to be doing an event. Annie Bailey’s Irish Public House proved to be a traditional Irish pub and not the dive bar I was expected. I sat at the bar and had a Magners Irish Cider, a bottle of the Pear Cider. This is my favorite Irish drink although some Guinness would have been more appropriate. I’m not very familiar with bar etiquette so I just left a dollar tip plainly visible on the bar. I drank that bottle of cider within minutes and returned to my hotel room.

Annie Bailey's Irish Public House

Annie Bailey’s Irish Public House

Although the miserable weather made this a bad day for taking photos, I had managed to visit two museums, two cemeteries, and ate at three establishments I wanted to check out.

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Lancaster Vacation – Day One

I have not had a vacation since the pandemic began. But I finally completed a trip I was planning before the pandemic. I spent three days and nights in Lancaster PA. Since international travel might still be risky, I decided to travel within my home state. I usually don’t stay overnight at a place I could visit on a day trip. But Lancaster is kind of far away. I have to drive far south on Route 15 and then far east on various highways to reach Lancaster. It takes over two and half hours of driving and that is a long drive for me. There is plenty to see in Lancaster County so it made sense to spend a few days there. I should note that driving to the Harrisburg International Airport requires following almost the same route.

Fortunately I managed to drive to my destination without making any mistakes thanks to my GPS device. I reviewed the major exits before I left but I accidentally left my cheat sheet at home. It was the only thing I forgot. I was able to pack as much luggage as I liked because I was taking my car. So I had my usual suitcase, my laptop bag, and the small backpack I use on bus trips. My laptop was my HP Pavilion Gaming Laptop and this was the first time I’ve taken it on a trip. I recently got a new smartphone, a Samsung Galaxy A01, but I did not have a case for it.

I stayed at the Holiday Inn Lancaster hotel on the corner of East Chestnut Street and North Queen Street. This hotel is right downtown so it was ideal for exploring the city. I parked in the Duke Street Parking Garage which is right next to the hotel. The entrance to the parking garage is on Duke Street, a one way street going south. I pressed a button to get a parking ticket which I had validated at the front desk. My validated parking ticket was good for three days with in and out privileges. I parked on the 3rd deck.

I did not check into the hotel right away because check in time was not until 3:00 p.m. I did ask to use their restroom which required a key. The restroom was about to be cleaned but the attendant allowed me to use it first. On my first day in the city I took over 400 photos. This was the only day that was not cloudy so I wanted to take advantage of the good light. I had a long list of things to photograph because many establishments in Lancaster are not well documented online.

The first thing I did was cross North Queen Street to the Lancaster County Government Center. I saw a lot of homeless people hanging out around there and Binns Park. I then walked south to Penn Square, the heart of downtown Lancaster. Along the way I saw the 101NQ Building which houses the Cargas software company and the large Rite Aid across the street. When I reached Penn Square I took photos of the Civil War Monument, the Lancaster City Visitor Center, and the Penn Square Fountain. I also found Steinman Park and took a photo of the bronze sculpture of man reading a newspaper. I heard some Spanish being spoken on the streets of Lancaster here. This was interesting to me because I have been studying Spanish for the past eight months.

Holiday Inn Lancaster

Holiday Inn Lancaster

From King Street I quickly found North Price Street and walked up that street to take photos of the Fulton Opera House, the major theater in Lancaster. I’ve even read a book about this theater “Staging Ground:An American Theater and Its Ghosts” by Leslie Stainton. I had breakfast at the Prince Street Cafe. I ordered a coffee and a Classic Egg Sandwich, which was a fried egg and sharp cheddar cheese on a croissant. They gave me a table flag and brought the sandwich to me after a long wait. But I was only given a cup for the coffee and had trouble figuring out where to get the coffee.

After breakfast I continued walking up North Prince Street and came across the Pennsylvania College of Art and Design. This was one of the major institutions I wanted to photograph because surprisingly there are no decent photos of this private art college online. I then got a hankering to do some shopping so I went to DogStar Books, an independent book store far west on West Lemon Street. I don’t quite recall but I must have walked past the CVS Pharmacy and the Lemon Street Market along the way. DogStar Books seemed to be strict about wearing face masks so I put one on after being in the store for a few minutes. Unfortunately this made my glasses fog up and made it hard to browse for books. But eventually I settled for a travel guide to Argentina published by DK Eyewitness Travel. The cashier could not find a price but the store owner let me have it for $5.00 which was very reasonable. I did not get a bag so I had to wander around carrying a travel guide to Argentina. I was thinking of joking that I must be in the wrong country because my travel guide was no help in Lancaster. I returned to the Duke Street Parking Garage to put this book in my car but along the way I took a lot more photos.

DogStar Books

DogStar Books

The second bit of shopping I did was at Stans Records on Prince Street. It has been a long time since I was in a proper record store. This was an old retail store that looked a little shabby but that just made it seem authentic to me. I bought a Debbie Harry “Backfired” 45 for old times sake and 3 CDs; Berlin “Love Life”, Enya (self titled album), Joan Jett “I Love Rock N Roll” (double CD with live show). I then returned to the Duke Street Parking Garage to put this purchase in my car. I didn’t keep anything in my hotel room because I didn’t have a room safe and there was no need to pack stuff in a suitcase when I could just leave things in the car. I know I checked in around 2:00 p.m.

Stans Records

Stans Records

At this point I was getting a little hungry so I decided to try one of the Latino restaurants on my list where I might hear some Spanish being spoken. I walked north on Queen Street to reach El Rincón ponceño, a Puerto Rican restaurant. There I ordered a Cuban sandwich and a Sprite although the woman taking orders had trouble figuring out what I wanted. It took them forever to make the sandwich. While I waited she gave out some pick up orders. Eventually I got my order but she gave me two Cuban sandwiches and no drink. She even had trouble figuring out how much change to give me. I sensed something weird about the place but maybe it was just poorly run. Since I was given take out, I went back to my hotel room to eat. I bought a bottle of Coke Classic at the lobby store which had a self checkout machine. Scanning the bottle gave me a little trouble and I was unable to charge it to my room so I used a credit card. The Cuban sandwich was really good but I could only eat half and left the other sandwich in the room’s refrigerator. I never did eat that other one because I figured it would have gone bad by the time I was ready to eat again. These sandwiches cost $10 each so I was out ten dollars.

El Rincón ponceño

El Rincón ponceño

It is a little difficult to remember in what order I did things because I took 400 photos on this first day and wandered all around the city. But I think the next thing I did was take a bus to Franklin & Marshall College. The Queen Street Station was just north of my hotel so it was logical to use the bus to get to the more remote areas of the city. I could have used my car but finding parking would have been a hassle. I bought an all day pass for $3.70. This proved to be merely a receipt print out with a QR code that has to be scanned on the bus. I could find no bus schedules in the waiting area and unfortunately my notes was missing the topic for the bus route I planned to take. But fortunately I remembered it was Route 1/Park City A – Southeast and I got on the right bus. I also knew exactly which stop to look for but the bus window had a shade which made it a bit difficult to see where we were. I got off near the entrance to Franklin & Marshall College and proceeded to walk through the campus to the Phillips Museum of Art. Unfortunately, the Phillips Museum of Art was closed for the summer so I went to the North Museum of Nature and Science instead. This was primarily a children’s museum and I was planning to skip it because of that but it did prove to be interesting enough for an adult. It only cost me $9.00 for admission. I saw some exhibits on dinosaurs. The basement had many display cases of stuffed birds and minerals. The top floor had some art work. It did not take long to see everything. I did use the restroom.

North Museum of Nature and Science

North Museum of Nature and Science

Before leaving the area I walked along College Avenue and found the Philadelphia Alumni Writers House. I also discovered the Susan and Benjamin Winter Visual Arts Center and a  statue of Abraham DePeyster. Abraham de Peyster (July 8, 1657 – August 3, 1728) was the 20th mayor of New York City from 1691 to 1694, and served as Governor of New York, 1700–1701. A duplicate of his New York statue was donated by John Watts de Peyster to Franklin & Marshall College in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, where it is currently placed on Buchanan Avenue. So this statue seems to have little to do with the college.

After a short wait I managed to flag down a bus going back downtown. I did snag a RRTA Ride Guide from the bus before getting off but I forgot to look at it to see when the bus was coming. On the ride back one of the passengers was bugging another passenger for a Spanish lesson. He especially wanted to confirm the word for uncle was tio.  As I recall I got off the bus before it reached the Queen Street Station because it was more convenient to get off on Chestnut Street to go back to my hotel room. The hotel never cleaned my room even though I was there for three days. I had to keep using the same set of towels and filled up the trash cans. Eventually I had to buy a travel size bottle of shampoo and replaced the trash can bags with plastic bags from CVS.

At this point it is hard to remember the order in which I did things but I’m sure I did the following. I walked up North Queen Street and found the Building Character store which is located through an arch way. The Candy Factory co-working space can also be found by going through this arch. Building Character is a cool antiques mall in which the booths are artistically designed to be very attractive. But I was looking for The Caffeinated Bookworm book which sold used books. I found this but the selection was not very good so I did not buy any books. I exited the Building Character antiques mall through the Heritage Press Museum which is connected to the mall.

The Candy Factory

The Candy Factory

I think I then walked backed to Penn Square and eventually found my way to Bravo Supermarket where I bought a Cherry Pepsi and a small jar of instant coffee which was labeled in Spanish, Bustelo Supreme. The Bravo Supermarket is a supermarket chain which offers specialty items for the Hispanic community so it was interesting to see what kinds of food items they offered. My receipt shows I was there at 6:01 p.m. On the way back to my hotel I passed the Lancaster Public Library and saw the Juliana Bookstore sidewalk sign so I entered the library and found the book store. They did not have many books for sale but I did find a Common Usage Dictionary for Spanish, although the print is very small.

Bravo Supermarket

Bravo Supermarket

At some point I went to the Lancaster Sweet Shoppe which is right across the Duke Street Parking Garage and bought a mini sugar cone of coffee ice cream. From there I walked east to Musser Park. This was small park in the midst of a packed residential area which I thought was quite tranquil. The Lancaster Museum of Art is located within this park. I would be tempted to wish Williamsport had such a nice park but we do have Ways Garden Park which is comparable. This was definitely later in the day because the sun was going down and cast strong rays almost horizontally. After visiting the park I returned to my hotel room for the evening. Although I might have wanted to see the city by night, my feet were killing me by this point.

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Studying React

I have not been keeping my blog up to date with the technology I am studying. I am currently focused on Solidity and smart contracts. Client applications for Solidity contracts are usually written in React, a front-end web application framework. Since I was unfamiliar with React, I have been devoting considerable time to studying it. So far I have added several tutorials to my notes. But I have also read two books on React.

The first book was React Explained by Zac Gordon. The code in this book was a little out-of-date but I still managed to get everything working. The second half of the book featured a complete project and used a Firebase database. It covered the create, read, update, and delete operations on the data (i.e. CRUD).

The second book I read was even more out-of-date. Beginning Ethereum & Solidity With React by Greg Lim  was a real pain to get working but I eventually managed to get its React front-end client for an eBay smart contract working. I deployed this contract to the Rinkeby network.

I think I still need to read more books on React but I now understand the basics and I can get it working with smart contracts written in Solidity. Currently I am reading Mastering Blockchain Programming With Solidity by Jitendra Chittoda.

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5,000 Web Pages in Technology Notes

As I have been studying programming and technology in general, I have been recording what I have learned in my technology notes. I typically create a web page on a topic or to document a code snippet. This serves as my private wiki. I compile these web pages into a help collection which I can plug into Microsoft Document Explorer.

Recently my technology notes have grown to 5,000 web pages! This is an astounding number of web pages. It is the product of 21 years of continuous study. My earliest web page is dated February 05, 2000.

I don’t blog as much as I should about what I am currently studying. Recently I have been learning Solidity, Docker, Node.js, React, Haskell, and machine learning in R. As usual my studying is all over the place and not very focused. However, my primary focus is on decentralized application development (aka blockchain development) because my crypto investments have shown me that this is where the money is. I have been spending a lot of time studying artificial intelligence (machine learning and deep learning) but I doubt I will ever make any money from these skills. Artificial intelligence is more of an intellectual passion of mine. I will admit that it has encouraged me to greatly increase my math skills and programming skills. Learning statistics is extremely valuable and could help me in the decentralized finance sector.

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Return Trip To Bellefonte

Now that most pandemic restrictions have been lifted I can continue to visit Pennsylvania’s cities and towns instead of state parks. Until international travel resumes this will have to do. On Saturday, July 31, 2021 I decided to visit Bellefonte in Centre County. I have only been to Bellefonte once before in 2015, on July 18, 2015. Back then I was using a Fujifilm FinePix JX400 digital camera so my photos were not very good.

After reaching Bellefonte I parked in front of Talleyrand Park. However, I did not feel comfortable parking there because there was a two hour limit and I was uncertain about which parking meter pertained to my parking space. So later on I parked in a small parking lot on the south end of Talleyrand Park off South Water Street. At first I was going to park in the Subway parking lot because it was closed, but then I moved my car to be even safer.

George Grey Barnard Sculpture Garden

George Grey Barnard Sculpture Garden

So my first step was to walk through the Talleyrand Park. I crossed a bridge over Spring Creek and found the George Grey Barnard Sculpture Garden with its Lincoln bust. There were a lot of ducks and geese in the park because people could buy feed to give to them. I found the Bellefonte Historical Railroad car which I might have missed on my previous trip because I have no photos of it from then. Or maybe it is new since 2015. After walking around the park I climbed High Street to the Centre County Courthouse. There were a few vegetable stands there as part of a small farmer’s market. I also saw many people creating chalk drawings on the sidewalks. Later on I came across a group of people judging the chalk drawings. I took lots of photos of the north side of High Street because the light was best on that side on the street. Eventually I turned left to go up North Allegheny Street. I took photos of the Bellefonte Art Museum, the Centre County Library, and various Victorian mansions or large houses until I found the Reynolds Mansion. Along the way I saw the Hastings Mansion at the corner of North Allegheny and Lamb Streets. This impressive building was owned by Governor Hastings in the 1890s. I then returned back downtown and walked back to Talleyrand Park to move my car.

Plaza Centre Antiques

Plaza Centre Antiques

Once my car was safely parked I spent more time in Talleyrand Park. The Train Station Office of the Bellefonte Intervalley Area Chamber was open by then so I picked up a few brochures. I walked back through the park to put the brochures in my car. Then I headed for Plaza Centre Antiques. I bought three DVDs at this antique mall; The Love Guru, Appaloosa, and Basic Instinct.  DVDs are becoming antiques as you can’t find them anywhere except for Walmart, Target, or antique stores. I also bought a heavy textbook, History of the Theatre, sixth edition, ISBN: 9780205128686. It was in pretty good condition and a bargain at $5.00. The floors creaked loudly in this store and the merchandise was yard sale quality. I returned to my car with these purchases because the book made the bag quite heavy.

The Governors' Pub

The Governors’ Pub

My next goal was to eat lunch. I had lunch at the Governors’ Pub just like on my previous trip to Bellefonte. In fact, I had printed my old itinerary and did the exact same things except for going to Penns Cave. I ordered the Fish and Chips at the Governors’ Pub with a root beer for the drink. Halfway through eating I used the restroom just to make sure I would not need to find a bathroom later.

Hastings Mansion

Hastings Mansion

After lunch I walked back to the Centre County Courthouse which was now cleared of tents. I walked up North Allegheny Street again. I took photos of the post office and the Centre County Library. I entered the Bellefonte Art Museum but I found the exhibits so uninteresting that I did not leave any money as a tip. At this point the lowest bill I had was a ten dollar bill and I considered that a too generous tip for their crappy exhibits, most of which were children’s art work. I walked back to the Reynolds Mansion and then far west on West Linn Street to take photos of other Victorian mansions. Upon returning to North Allegheny Street, I walked uphill to as far as Curtain Street. And then after walking back down to Linn Street I walked east on East Linn Street as far as The Queen, a Victorian bed and breakfast. Lunch was beginning to ferment in my stomach so I did not feel like exploring too far.

Victorian House Antiques

Victorian House Antiques

After returning to the center of town, which is the Centre County Courthouse square, I walked down South Allegheny Street to take photos of establishments along this street. I saw the Victorian House Antiques store which stuck out because of its eBay sign. This was the only establishment I entered. It proved to be a more upscale antiques store with some high quality items. For example, I saw a small bar of gold for $89 but it was only the size of a chicklet. I also saw a nice collection of rings which might contain some hidden gems. These items interested me because I have begun to buy some precious metals. I might also  buy some “material wealth” to build up a treasure chest. But I did not buy anything at the Victorian House Antiques store. Upon returning to the Centre County Courthouse square, I climbed up a steep hill to reach the Union Cemetery. The view from the Union Cemetery was spectacular but the grave sites were a little depressing.

Bellefonte Historical Railroad

Bellefonte Historical Railroad

By this time, my bowels were cramping up so I walked all the way back down to Talleyrand Park. I went into the CSV store to buy a copy of the Centre Daily Times. This was on my old itinerary so I decided to do that on this trip too. I paid $1.50 for one of the thinnest newspapers I have ever seen. There were only 20 pages in two sections! Fortunately it occurred to me that the Train Station Office of the Bellefonte Intervalley Area Chamber might have a restroom like the Jim Thorpe trains station has a restroom for tourists. They did have a restroom even though it was extremely small. That brought me a lot of relief!

Bradley's Book Outlet

Bradley’s Book Outlet

My final goal was to drive along Route 150 to the Nittany Mall. I wanted to shop at the Bradley’s Book Outlet and the Barnes & Noble book store. I managed to find my way to the Nittany Mall. I turned right onto Shiloh Road and then left onto East College Avenue to arrive at the entrance of the mall. This mall is really dying. I took several photos inside but most of the stores were gone. Bradley’s Book Outlet was still open but their sign said they were going out of business. I didn’t like their selection of books so I eventually had to settle for The Complete Idiot’s Guide To Screenwriting: Third Edition. This book came with a CD that includes sample screenplays. Although I am planning to write a screenplay I have not begun it yet. Maybe this book will inspire me to get started.

Barnes & Noble

Barnes & Noble

I then drove to the Barnes & Noble book store which is not attached to the Nittany Mall. I had to get back onto Route 150 to reach the Barnes & Noble book store. I went to the Science and Business sections where I really splurged. I bought five books for a total of $115. I bought: The Undoing Project by Michael Lewis, Possible Minds: 25 Ways of Looking at AI edited by John Brockman, The Age of Cryptocurrency by Paul Vigna and Michael J. Casey, T-Minus AI by Michael Kanaan, and Stock Investing for Dummies by Paul Mladjenovic. The reason I bought so many books is that I saw many books that I do not see at the Books-A-Million store in the Lycoming Mall.

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Jim Thorpe in 2021

I have not been blogging about my travels. Although I was forced to stop making trips during the pandemic, I did continue to visit state parks. I visited a record number of state parks last year including most of those within driving distance. But there is not much to say about a trip to a start park other than to mention the hiking trails I found.

Yesterday I made my first trip to Jim Thorpe PA since the pandemic. It has been two years since I’ve been to Jim Thorpe. Not much has changed there. They did change the parking situation. They are now using Flowbird parking meters. These parking meters require you to enter your license plate number, which is something I don’t have written down anywhere. I will need to create a card for my wallet with some information that I always need on me, like my employee number and license plate number. Parking for the day is now $12.00. I don’t know how they are enforcing the parking. I placed my ticket on my  dashboard but only after I had been in town for a few hours.

The first establishment I visited was Sellers Books. I spent quite some time searching for a good book and eventually settled on an Eyewitness Travel Guide for Dublin (ISBN:9870789441782) for which I paid $7.61. This was a great find because there aren’t many travel guides specifically for Dublin and I did not have this one. I’m still planning a trip to Dublin but I probably won’t go until 2022. Next I went to Soundcheck Records where I bought a Joan Jet & The Blackhearts Greatest Hits CD for $10.98. This was the only establishment that was still taking any COVID-19 precautions. I had to use their hand sanitizer because “everyone is touching things”. At the Mauch Chunk 5 & 10 I bought a memo book and some pens so I could write down my license plate number. The memo book will go in my travel bag in case I need to write something down in the future.

Lehigh Gorge Scenic Railway

Lehigh Gorge Scenic Railway

After using the restroom at the train station I dropped off my purchases at the car. It was a long walk to my car because the parking lot was full. I had to park near to the bridge to East Jim Thorpe. Then I purchased a ticket for the Lehigh Gorge Scenic Railway. I paid $17.00 for a seat on a standard coach. The train was pulled by a genuine steam engine. The ride lasted 70 minutes and stopped at Old Penn Haven before turning back.

Marion Hose Bar

Marion Hose Bar

Once I got off the train I walked back to my car and placed my parking ticket on my dashboard. Then I went back into town to look for a place to eat. I was planning to eat at Tony Stella’s Encore with its Absinthe Bar but this was one of the few establishments that seems to be permanently closed. Instead I ate at the Marion Hose Bar on West Broadway. I sat at the bar and ordered a Big Dog with French fries and a lemon bubble soda which came in a bottle. Surprisingly, the best part of this meal was the ketchup. This ketchup was absolutely delicious. I ate all my fries and asked for more ketchup to do so.

Classic Cars On Race Street

Classic Cars On Race Street

After eating I did a little more shopping before going home. I saw some antique cars on Race Street. I was going to look for some used books at Serendipity on Race Street but it looks like they have closed permanently. So that was the second casualty of the pandemic. I did enter the Douglas House Marketplace from its Race Street entrance. After heading downstairs I found the Bee Stung shop where I bought an Alice In Wonderland necklace with a key. It was elegant and whimsical notion. I also went though the Emporium of Curious Goods store but did not find anything I wanted to buy.

I stopped in at the Lycoming Mall before going home. I was worried that Books-A-Million might be closed since I got there after 5:00 p.m. but they seemed to have extended their hours. I bought 3 Blu-ray DVDs; Couples Retreat, Get Hard, and Hall Pass (all comedies). I also bought a hardcover science book Fossil Men: The Quest for the Oldest Skeleton and the Origins of Humankind by Kermit Pattison. I have been buying more and more science books because my study of artificial intelligence has exposed me to more hard science and the mathematics behind research.

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Williamsport Web Developer Finally Has Broadband

I have finally replaced my Verizon DSL service with Xfinity Performance Internet. I should have done this a long time ago. My download speed has gone from 0.73 megabytes per second to 18.2 megabytes per second and my upload speed has gone from 0.13 megabytes per second to 5.90 megabytes per second. This will make it easier to provide good service to my clients since I will be able to download back ups of web sites faster. DSL (Digital Subscriber Line) provides Internet over telephone lines. It is adequate for web browsing but not good enough to keep Windows 10 up-to-date. You cannot stream video or download any files in the gigabyte range over DSL. I was wasting a lot of time waiting for things to download.

I can now upload my photos to Flickr. And I was finally able to install Windows Updates on my HP laptop which is running Windows 10.

I have been doing a lot of experimenting with Internet of Things. One of my favorite IoT devices is the ESP8266 NodeMCU I connected to a OLED screen to keep an eye on the price of Dogecoin and the value of my amount. On Verizon DSL I discovered that this device would not get a signal if any other device was using my WiFi. But with Xfinity WiFi I can use my IoT devices while having a laptop connected to the Internet.

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How To Create A Non-Fungible Token On Rarible

I am now interested in non-fungible tokens as a way to market my digital art. I have been creating digital art using Processing, the computer programming language for creating art. The type of art you can create is mostly geometric art or generative art. Some abstract art can be recreated if it is essentially geometric in design. The problem with digital art is that you cannot sell it to art collectors because there is no physical manifestation of the art work. All you can offer is an image file and an image file is not unique. You can copy an image file endlessly. I have thought about creating hardware to display my digital art like an Arduino with a TFT LCD screen or a Raspberry Pi with an e-Ink display. This would serve as a particular physical manifestation of the art work. Unfortunately LCD screens and e-Ink displays are not canvas sized. A lot of the displays for Arduino and Raspberry Pi are tiny.

Non-fungible tokens solve this problem by associating digital art with a token on a blockchain. These digital tokens are unique and can signal ownership of an asset. Although an image file of digital art can be reproduced by anyone, the token ensures that only one person actually owns the digital art as an asset.

Virtual art work has several advantages over physical art work. You don’t have to worry about storing the art work so that it will not be damaged. You don’t have to insure the art work. I once bought an expensive numbered print which was damaged in a flood. I had to throw it out. This will never happen with a NFT. Digital art work can be loaned to a museum without paying for shipping or insurance. The museum simply needs a digital display on which to display the image file you send them. The NFT ensures that they are displaying the “original” even though they are just displaying a copy of an image file. There are now art museums in virtual worlds which display virtual art and the art work is certified as the real deal by the NFT.

Non-fungible tokens allow anyone to become an art collector even if they don’t have the storage space or the insurance to collect fine art. I have bought some interesting art work on eBay which might even be worth something. But often I don’t know what artist created the piece or the provenance of the piece. I don’t even know if I own original art or just a print. A NFT solves this problem because the entire history of the art work is on the blockchain. You will know who created the NFT and how often the token has changed hands. This means any art work associated with a NFT has a well documented provenance. Some smart contracts for NFTs even create a royalty so any subsequent exchange of the asset pays a royalty back to the creator or artist. So let’s say you are a starving artist and you sell a digital painting for $5.00 as a NFT. Decades later you are a famous artist and your NFT is sold to an art museum for 10 million dollars. You would receive a percentage of that sale!

To create a NFT you must mint a token. I found this process to be more complicated and expensive than I was expecting. I minted a token on Rarible, a marketplace for NFTs. To create a NFT on Rarible you must first connect a wallet. You will need a web3 wallet like Metamask or Fortmatic. So the first hurdle is signing up for one of these wallets. I used Fortmatic because I found their API which I tried out a bit. Your wallet will need some Ethereum. You cannot buy Ethereum with a credit card so that is another hurdle. I can purchase Ethereum on Coinbase which is connected to my bank account. After purchasing the Ethereum on Coinbase you need to send it to your Fortmatic wallet. Any sending of crypto on Coinbase requires entering a code which is sent via SMS to your smartphone. So another hurdle is that you need a smartphone with a service plan that includes text messages.

Fortmatic Connect

Fortmatic Connect

After you manage to get some Ethereum into your Fortmatic wallet you  head on over to Rarible and press the connect wallet button. Then you go through the process of connecting via Formatic which requires your email address, your password, and finally a 6 digit code emailed to your email address. This is what I found so complicated! Several times I had to wait for codes to be delivered. I did not have enough Ethereum in my Fortmatic wallet so I had to do this twice. Even after all this there were many steps to follow on Rarible including; approve performing transactions with my wallet, uploading the image file, minting the token, and signing the sell order using my wallet. The fee to mint the token was 0.032628 ETH or around $48.00. This expense is known as the Ethereum gas fee and you must pay it to conduct a transaction or execute a contract on the Ethereum blockchain platform.

Rarible Follow Steps - Upload Files

My first NFT is an image file of blocks on an isometric grid. The height of the blocks is determined by Perlin Noise. This is a technically sophisticated piece of digital art. The blocks suggest a blockchain. Although the script creates random isometric blocks in hills and valleys, I choose a single instance of its random variations. This image file is now stored on the IPFS (InterPlanetary File System), a peer-to-peer hypermedia protocol designed for sharing image files in a distributed way. This ensures that the image file can always be found. It does not just live on a web server which might disappear some day. You can view my NFT on Rarible at https://app.rarible.com/token/0x60f80121c31a0d46b5279700f9df786054aa5ee5:202348:0xa920d82179d47afaa1f5ab322368a606e1a4af35 where you can place a bid. If I accept your bid you become the new owner of the NFT and are on your way as an art collector building a collection of virtual fine art. Notice that 10% of sales go to the creator. That means that I get 10% of all subsequent sales of this asset. So it might be in my best interest to accept a low bid just to get the ball rolling. A NFT with a history of changing hands might be seen as a good investment. As long as the value of the piece continues to go up my 10% royalty will ensure that I make far more money than the initial low bid I accept.

Rarible - Grayscale Isometric Grid Blocks

Rarible – Grayscale Isometric Grid Blocks

In addition to appearing on Rarible my NFT also appears on the OpenSea marketplace where it can be found at https://opensea.io/assets/0x60f80121c31a0d46b5279700f9df786054aa5ee5/202348. I must say that the search tools on these NFT markets are terrible since you cannot find my art work using its name “Grayscale Isometric Grid Blocks”. This is pretty annoying because discoverability is very important for artists. A starving artist wants to be discovered and an art collector wants to discover particularly striking art works. It will require additional research to find the starving artists that are trying to sell their work as a NFT. Many NFTs are crappy pieces of artwork that were created as get-rich-quick schemes. They are overpriced and not worth the investment. However you might be able to find genuine pieces of fine art that can be acquired at a bargain. A struggling artist has an incentive to accept a low bid for his NFT because it gets the ball rolling and the art collector is taking a risk with NFTs.

OpenSea Listing

OpenSea Listing

In conclusion creating a NFT cost me around $50 and I spent hours going through the process. I don’t think many starving artists are going to see this as their salvation. But I found it worthwhile since I learned a lot about digital assets on the blockchain. Buying these sort of assets with crypto-currency intrigues me because I think fine art is a better asset for long term investment than the crypto-currency itself. I am also pleased that I have placed my digital art on a legitimate art market. I think that makes me a real artist!

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Artificial Intelligence

I have been studying Artificial Intelligence since 2017. That is four years. And I have learned nothing. Well, that is not quite true. I have gotten pretty familiar with the terminology. However, after fours years of intense effort I still don’t know how to do anything with machine learning. I can install the libraries and run the demos or the code in tutorials, but when it comes time to do something with original data I don’t have a clue.

Unfortunately, most tutorials and articles on machine learning are poorly written. They don’t explain the math or the theory. Often they don’t provide more than one example. The example given is usually a toy problem using a classic data set. For example, I have eleven examples in my notes using the Iris Flower data set. To be fair, my study methods are part of the problem. I randomly search for tutorials and copy and paste the code to run the demo.

Fortunately, I have begun to make some real progress by concentrating on a single algorithm or method. I have mastered Linear Regression because it is widely used in statistics. Tutorials on statistics explain linear regression in far greater detail. I can now perform a linear regression in Excel, C#, Python, R Studio, and even Processing (JavaScript). I have also mastered Multiple Regression since that is just Linear Regression using more independent variables. I am poised to master simple Neural Networks since I have successfully used a Python implementation from scratch with multiple data sets.

So far I have read the following books on Artificial Intelligence:

  1. Our Final Invention: Artificial Intelligence and the End of the Human Era James Barrat
  2. Thinking Machines: The Quest for Artificial Intelligence and Where It’s Taking Us Next Luke Dormehl
  3. Machine Learning Ethem Alpaydin
  4. Apocalyptic AI: Visions of Heaven in Robotics, Artificial Intelligence, and Virtual Reality Robert M. Geraci
  5. Artificial Intelligence: The Quest for the Ultimate Thinking Machine Richard Urwin
  6. Natural Language Processing with Python: Analyzing Text with the Natural Language Toolkit Steven Bird, Ewan Klein, Edward Loper
  7. Text Analytics With Python Dipanjan Sarkar
  8. Bayesian Statistics the Fun Way Will Kurt
  9. AIQ: How Artificial Intelligence Works and How We Can Harness Its Power for a Better World Nick Polson, James Scott
  10. Superintelligence: Paths, Dangers, Strategies Nick Bostrom
  11. Introducing Artificial Intelligence: A Graphic Guide Henry Brighton, Howard Selina
  12. Statistical Inference via Data Science: A ModernDive into R and the Tidyverse Albert Y. Kim, Chester Ismay
  13. The Master Algorithm: How the Quest for the Ultimate Learning Machine Will Remake Our World Pedro Domingos
  14. The Quest for Artificial Intelligence Nils J. Nilsson

Currently I am reading Statistics In Plain English by Timothy C. Urdan because you really need to understand statistics to grasp machine learning. I am also reading Practical Machine Learning in R by Fred Nwanganga and Mike Chapple which should prove easy to understand since it does not include much math or theory.

I am doing some free online courses at Kaggle.

Ordinarily I would give up on machine learning because it is just too difficult to learn and it does not appear to have any practical uses for me. But I am fascinated by the topic of artificial intelligence so I keep plugging away. I will say that I have vastly improved my knowledge of math, statistics, graph theory, linear algebra, calculus, combinatorics, and various other computer science topics. I am now more familiar with mathematical notation. I use MathJax to include math equations in my notes which I keep in HTML.

I have not bought much hardware to support my study of artificial intelligence. I have a Jetson Nano and a Neural Compute Stick 2. Eventually I might buy a NVIDIA GPU.

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Turtle Graphics Spiral In C#

As another example of what you can do with graphics in C#, I decided to recreate a famous Turtle Graphics spiral design. I can’t find an official name for this classic design. I decided to call it Spiral of Circles. It has a nautilus shape but you won’t find any sample code by doing a search on “Turtle Graphics nautilus”. There is a version of this design using squares. I did have the code for creating this design using Python or Processing. It took a little experimentation to reproduce it in C#. Part of the solution was to realize that radians needed to be converted to degrees which is why I included the conversion functions in the code. This design requires a rotate and a translate transformation within a loop. I’m not sure you really need to use a GraphicsPath object because I tried that before I solved the other problems.


using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Data;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Drawing.Drawing2D;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Windows.Forms;

namespace SpiralOfCircles
{
    public partial class Form1 : Form
    {

        System.Drawing.Graphics graphicsObj;

        public Form1()
        {
            InitializeComponent();
        }

        private void Form1_Paint(object sender, PaintEventArgs e)
        {
            graphicsObj = this.CreateGraphics();

            // Set the SmoothingMode property to smooth the lines.
            graphicsObj.SmoothingMode = System.Drawing.Drawing2D.SmoothingMode.AntiAlias;

            // This centers what is drawn. Adjusted by 50 pixels.
            graphicsObj.TranslateTransform((graphicsObj.VisibleClipBounds.Width / 2) + 50, (graphicsObj.VisibleClipBounds.Height / 2) - 50, MatrixOrder.Append);
            // This scales everything up
            graphicsObj.ScaleTransform(2, 2);

            // Create pen.
            Pen blackPen = new Pen(Color.Black, 1);

            for (int i = 0; i < 50; i++)
            {
                graphicsObj.RotateTransform((float)degrees((-Math.PI / 18)));

                // Create a GraphicsPath object
                GraphicsPath path = new GraphicsPath();

                // Draw a circle
                path.AddEllipse(0, 0, -i * 3, -i * 3);

                // Create a Matrix object  
                Matrix X = new Matrix();
                X.Translate(i, 0);

                // Apply transformation  
                path.Transform(X);
                graphicsObj.DrawPath(blackPen, path);
            }
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Function to convert degrees to radians
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="degrees">degree value</param>
        /// <returns>equivalent radian value</returns>
        public static double radians(double degrees)
        {
            double radians = (Math.PI / 180) * degrees;
            return (radians);
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Function to convert radians to degree 
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="radians">radian value</param>
        /// <returns>equivalent degree value</returns>
        public static double degrees(double radians)
        {
            double degrees = (180 / Math.PI) * radians;
            return (degrees);
        }
    }
}
Spiral Of Circles

Spiral Of Circles

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Converting A Processing Sketch To C#

I have invested a lot of time and effort into learning Processing. I mostly use the JavaScript version of Processing since I can then include working demos in my technology notes which are in the form of HTML files compiled into a Microsoft Document Help Collection. I like Processing because it allows me to be creative using my existing programming skills. It has encouraged me to learn more about computer graphics.

Recently I created a Processing sketch to draw direction arrows around a circle. One of my favorite Processing tricks is to divide a circle into equal parts, like pie slices, by finding points around the circle. The purpose of this sketch was to draw direction arrows rotated in the proper direction to point towards these points around the circle. I needed this to illustrate some sketches for directed graphs, a type of graph in Graph Theory. But orienting objects around a circle is a generally useful trick.

My Processing sketch for drawing arrows around a circle can be found at: https://www.openprocessing.org/sketch/1031385

The challenge in recreating this sketch in C# is to find an alternative to the matrix stack as implemented in Processing. Processing provides the handy functions pushMatrix() and popMatrix() as explained at https://processing.org/reference/pushMatrix_.html. C# supports creating a matrix and methods to invert, rotate, scale, and transform matrices. You can then apply the transformation to the graphics object. But there isn’t a matrix stack so it is hard to figure out how to restore the prior coordinate system. After a lot of trial and error I figured out a way to make this work. The trick is to reset the matrix and then apply the transformation back to the graphics object at just the right point in the code.

As I said, this required a lot of trial and error and might not work for a different Processing sketch. You will have to experiment with when to draw things and when to apply transformations. But I was able to recreate my Processing sketch using the C# code shown below. The arrow heads are not perfectly aligned because the DrawPolygon method in C# is not an exact replacement for the beginShape method in Processing.


using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Data;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Drawing.Drawing2D;
using System.Globalization;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Windows.Forms;

namespace ArrowsAroundCircle
{
    public partial class Form1 : Form
    {
        // A global variable
        System.Drawing.Graphics graphicsObj;

        public Form1()
        {
            InitializeComponent();
        }

        private void Form1_Paint(object sender, PaintEventArgs e)
        {
            graphicsObj = this.CreateGraphics();

            // Set the SmoothingMode property to smooth the lines.
            graphicsObj.SmoothingMode = System.Drawing.Drawing2D.SmoothingMode.AntiAlias;

            // Create a grid
            int gridSize = 10;

            for (int x = gridSize; x <= Form1.ActiveForm.Width; x += gridSize)
            {
                for (int y = gridSize; y <= Form1.ActiveForm.Height; y += gridSize)
                {

                    // Draw a grid
                    Pen objPen = new Pen(System.Drawing.Color.LightGray, 1);
                    graphicsObj.DrawLine(objPen, x, 0, x, Form1.ActiveForm.Height);
                    graphicsObj.DrawLine(objPen, x - gridSize, y, Form1.ActiveForm.Width, y);
                }
            }

            // This centers what is drawn
            graphicsObj.TranslateTransform(graphicsObj.VisibleClipBounds.Width / 2, graphicsObj.VisibleClipBounds.Height / 2, MatrixOrder.Append);

            // Create pen.
            Pen blackPen = new Pen(Color.Black, 2);

            // Radius is the diameter divided by two
            int radius = 600 / 2;

            // Draw a set number of points around the radius of the circle to divide the circle into equal parts 
            int NumberOfPoints = 16;
            for (int i = 0; i < NumberOfPoints; i++)
            {
                double angle = i * ((Math.PI * 2) / NumberOfPoints);
                graphicsObj.DrawLine(blackPen, 0, 0, Convert.ToInt32(radius * Math.Cos(angle)), Convert.ToInt32(radius * Math.Sin(angle)));                
            }

            // Draw a circle
            // Equivalent to ellipse(0, 0, 600, 600);
            Rectangle myRectangle = new Rectangle(-300, -300, 600, 600);
            graphicsObj.DrawEllipse(blackPen, myRectangle);

            // Draw the arrows around the circle last
            for (int i = 0; i < NumberOfPoints; i++)
            {
                double angle = i * ((Math.PI * 2) / NumberOfPoints);
                float degrees = 360 / NumberOfPoints;
                ArrowHead(Convert.ToInt32(radius * Math.Cos(angle)), Convert.ToInt32(radius * Math.Sin(angle)), (float)(i * degrees) + 90);       
            }
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Draw an arrow head at a set position, rotated at a set angle
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="x">The x position.</param>
        /// <param name="y">The y position.</param>
        /// <param name="t">The angle of rotation.</param>
        private void ArrowHead(float x, float y, float t)
        {
            float r = 4.0F;
            float theta = t;

            // Create a Matrix object  
            Matrix X = new Matrix();

            x = x + graphicsObj.VisibleClipBounds.Width / 2;
            y = y + graphicsObj.VisibleClipBounds.Height / 2;
            X.Translate(x, y);
            X.Rotate(theta);

            // Apply transformation  
            graphicsObj.Transform = X;

            PointF point1 = new PointF(0, -r*2);   
            PointF point2 = new PointF(-r, r*2);   
            PointF point3 = new PointF(r, r*2);
            PointF[] arrowPoints = { point1, point2, point3 };

            // Create pen.
            Pen blackPen = new Pen(Color.Black, 2);

            // Create a brush
            SolidBrush solidBrush = new SolidBrush(Color.Black);
            graphicsObj.DrawPolygon(blackPen, arrowPoints);
            graphicsObj.FillPolygon(solidBrush, arrowPoints);

            // Reset the matrix
            X.Reset();

            // Apply transformation  
            graphicsObj.Transform = X;
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Function to convert degrees to radians
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="degrees">degree value</param>
        /// <returns>equivalent radian value</returns>
        public static double radians(double degrees)
        {
            double radians = (Math.PI / 180) * degrees;
            return (radians);
        }
    }
}

This will draw the following figure to the window:Arrows Around A Circle

Arrows Around A Circle

Posted in Graphics, Programming | Leave a comment

Computer Science Research

I have not written a blog post in a long time but that does not mean I have not been working on my computer science skills. Actually I have significantly advanced my programming skills. I just have not taken the time to blog about it. While I used to focus exclusively on web development and databases, I have now ventured into pure computer science with a heavier focus on math. For example, I have studied Boolean Algebra, Graph Theory, Linear Algebra (matrix math), Combinatorics with Permutations, and Statistics. Much of that was inspired by my interest in machine learning and artificial intelligence which requires you to be familiar with a lot of advanced math.

Currently I am reading three books to further my programming skills. The Nature of Code by Daniel Shiffman is a great book about how to simulate aspects of nature through code. It covers such topics as vectors, forces, oscillation, particle systems, physics libraries, autonomous agents, cellular automata, fractals, genetic algorithms, and neural networks. This book is a virtual master class in computer science! What I like about this book is that everything is implemented in Processing with a visual representation. I have invested heavily in learning Processing because I am interested in expressing my creative side through creative coding. Many of my art experiments can be found at Open Processing. Currently I am excited by isometric grids so I will be exploring ways to create art that resembles retro video game designs, although I don’t intend to create full games.

Another book I am reading is Statistical Inference via Data Science: A ModernDive into R and the Tidyverse by Chester Ismay and Albert Y. Kim. I found this book online and I have been reading the online version at ModernDive for free, adding all of its material to my notes. This is a book on statistics and data science for the R programming language and R Studio. I am studying statistics because it is a huge component of machine learning and artificial intelligence. But statistics in general is a useful skill for a programmer to learn. It gets me more into data science. This book has a lot of math formulas. I have learned how to add math formulas to my notes using the MathJax JavaScript library which can handle the various types of notation. In addition to this book, I also read Bayesian Statistics The Fun Way by Will Kurt which also gave examples for R Studio.

The final book I am reading is Mathematics for the Digital Age and Programming in Python by Maria Litvin and Gary Litvin. This is more of a high school text book on math which uses Python to implement math theory. It is a little heavy on the math theory and the math is not very advanced. I am just extracting what useful knowledge I can from this book. I would recommend Doing Math with Python by Amit Saha over this book. I am now quite an expert on Python with extensive notes on this programming language. Python is the most popular programming language for machine learning and artificial intelligence so I have studied it extensively.

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WWDBooks E-Commerce Site Shutting Down

I will be shutting down my demonstration Drupal E-Commerce web site, wwdbooks.com. This site was not getting any traffic. It has become an unnecessary expense. I will do my Search Engine Optimization research using my playwriting web site at http://robertsrobbins.com/.  I have backed up the web site and its MySQL database.

There does not seem to be much demand for custom E-Commerce web sites. I think most people sell merchandise on Amazon, eBay, or they use hosted E-Commerce web sites.

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DeepSpeech on the Jetson Nano

DeepSpeech is an open source speech recognition engine developed by Mozilla. It uses machine learning to convert speech to text. Since it relies on TensorFlow and Nvidia’s CUDA it is a natural choice for the Jetson Nano which was designed with a GPU to support this technology. Unfortunately, getting this running is not easy so I thought I would write a helpful bog post with some tips.

First, the hard part of compiling DeepSpeech for the Jetson Nano has already been done for you. Go to https://github.com/domcross/DeepSpeech-for-Jetson-Nano/releases/tag/v0.6.0 and download the deepspeech-0.6.0-cp36-cp36m-linux_aarch64.whl and libdeepspeech.so files from the GitHub repository. That should be all the instruction you need. Unfortunately it is not that easy.

Second, install the Python wheel from the file. You cannot install DeepSpeech without this downloaded file you provide:

sudo pip install deepspeech-0.6.0-cp36-cp36m-linux_aarch64.whl

If you are not familiar with Linux, you may be wondering where to copy the libdeepspeech.so file. Run the following command to determine where to copy the libdeepspeech.so file:

cat /etc/ld.so.conf.d/*

This indicates that /usr/local/lib would be a good location so copy the file there:

sudo cp libdeepspeech.so /usr/local/lib

But just copying that file is not enough. You need to run another command so Linux knows about this new shared library:

sudo ldconfig

Finally run the following command to see if DeepSpeech is working:

rsrobbins@nvidia-ai:~$ deepspeech --version
TensorFlow:
DeepSpeech:
rsrobbins@nvidia-ai:~$

You are supposed to get version numbers for TensorFlow and DeepSpeech but both are blank. At least you are not getting any errors. Next you need to download the pre-trained English models from https://github.com/mozilla/DeepSpeech and extract them. The deepspeech-0.6.1-models.tar.gz file is 1.14 GB so you might want to download this using a computer with a decent Internet connection and copy the file to your Jetson Nano.

You can now transcribe an audio file:

rsrobbins@nvidia-ai:~$ cd deepspeech
rsrobbins@nvidia-ai:~/deepspeech$ deepspeech --model deepspeech-0.6.1-models/output_graph.pbmm --lm deepspeech-0.6.1-models/lm.binary --trie deepspeech-0.6.1-models/trie --audio audio/2830-3980-0043.wav
Loading model from file deepspeech-0.6.1-models/output_graph.pbmm
TensorFlow:
DeepSpeech:
2020-02-29 14:46:19.470759: I tensorflow/stream_executor/platform/default/dso_loader.cc:42] Successfully opened dynamic library libcuda.so.1
2020-02-29 14:46:19.479426: I tensorflow/stream_executor/cuda/cuda_gpu_executor.cc:972] ARM64 does not support NUMA - returning NUMA node zero
2020-02-29 14:46:19.479575: I tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/gpu_device.cc:1640] Found device 0 with properties:
name: NVIDIA Tegra X1 major: 5 minor: 3 memoryClockRate(GHz): 0.9216
pciBusID: 0000:00:00.0
2020-02-29 14:46:19.479619: I tensorflow/stream_executor/platform/default/dlopen_checker_stub.cc:25] GPU libraries are statically linked, skip dlopen check.
2020-02-29 14:46:19.479744: I tensorflow/stream_executor/cuda/cuda_gpu_executor.cc:972] ARM64 does not support NUMA - returning NUMA node zero
2020-02-29 14:46:19.479900: I tensorflow/stream_executor/cuda/cuda_gpu_executor.cc:972] ARM64 does not support NUMA - returning NUMA node zero
2020-02-29 14:46:19.479978: I tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/gpu_device.cc:1763] Adding visible gpu devices: 0
2020-02-29 14:46:20.310523: I tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/gpu_device.cc:1181] Device interconnect StreamExecutor with strength 1 edge matrix:
2020-02-29 14:46:20.310602: I tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/gpu_device.cc:1187]      0
2020-02-29 14:46:20.310635: I tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/gpu_device.cc:1200] 0:   N
2020-02-29 14:46:20.310884: I tensorflow/stream_executor/cuda/cuda_gpu_executor.cc:972] ARM64 does not support NUMA - returning NUMA node zero
2020-02-29 14:46:20.311108: I tensorflow/stream_executor/cuda/cuda_gpu_executor.cc:972] ARM64 does not support NUMA - returning NUMA node zero
2020-02-29 14:46:20.311283: I tensorflow/stream_executor/cuda/cuda_gpu_executor.cc:972] ARM64 does not support NUMA - returning NUMA node zero
2020-02-29 14:46:20.311425: I tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/gpu_device.cc:1326] Created TensorFlow device (/job:localhost/replica:0/task:0/device:GPU:0 with 704 MB memory) -> physical GPU (device: 0, name: NVIDIA Tegra X1, pci bus id: 0000:00:00.0, compute capability: 5.3)
Loaded model in 1.53s.
Loading language model from files deepspeech-0.6.1-models/lm.binary deepspeech-0.6.1-models/trie
Loaded language model in 0.0271s.
Running inference.
experience proof less
Inference took 7.315s for 1.975s audio file.
rsrobbins@nvidia-ai:~/deepspeech$

You might be wondering where the heck is the text from the speech in the audio file? This program does not have a very intuitive user interface. The transcribed text is actually in the output directly after “Running inference” and reads “experience proof less”. The demo WAV file has only three spoken words. The actual speech in the audio file is “experience proves this”.

Although the demo audio files from Mozilla work well enough, you may need to install Sound eXchange to support conversion of audio files. DeepSpeech expects this to be installed. Naturally there is no mention of this requirement in the documentation. Run this command to install SoX:

sudo apt-get install sox

My additional tip is to run DeepSpeech using sudo if you get an error and run it again if the GPU runs out of memory.

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New Playwriting Web Site

I have finally created a web site that will be devoted to my playwriting efforts at: http://robertsrobbins.com/

This web site will serve that purpose better than my Williamsport Web Developer web site. I plan to use this new blog for my play reviews, theater book reviews, and general thoughts on writing and the theater. However I will still use this blog for my trip reports. This blog should really be devoted to technology, not travel, but I have already built too much history here.

I plan to be more aggressive with the search engine optimization of my new web site since its purpose is to help people discover my plays and my talent. I’m actually not that keen to promote my Williamsport Web Developer web site because I don’t need new clients.

My new web site is running WordPress and uses the Write theme. I don’t really need that many static pages and it will primarily be a personal blog.

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The Year 2038 Problem

I have not written a technical blog post in a long time. Yesterday I learned about the Year 2038 Problem and I wrote some code to demonstrate the problem.  The Year 2038 Problem involves Unix time which is the number of seconds since January 1, 1970 stored as a signed 32-bit integer. The problem is that a signed 32-bit integer has a maximum value of 2147483647 and that value will be exceeded on January 19, 2038. So in just 18 years software that is trying to use Unix time will get an unexpected value.

The easiest way to see this problem is to write a MySQL query which attempts to get the Unix timestamp for a date after January 19, 2038. The following query will return the value 0 which is clearly incorrect and unexpected:

SELECT UNIX_TIMESTAMP('2038-01-20 00:00:00') AS Epoch;

On a 32 bit operating system like Windows XP you can see the problem by compiling a small C program which attempts to get seconds since the epoch for a date after January 19, 2038.

#include <stdio.h>
#include <time.h>

int main(void) {
    struct tm t;
    time_t t_of_day;

    t.tm_year = 2038 - 1900;  // Year - 1900
    t.tm_mon = 0;           // Month, where 0 = January, 7 = August
    t.tm_mday = 20;          // Day of the month
    t.tm_hour = 0;
    t.tm_min = 0;
    t.tm_sec = 0;
    t.tm_isdst = 1;        // Is DST on? 1 = yes, 0 = no, -1 = unknown
    t_of_day = mktime(&t);

    printf("Seconds since the Epoch: %ld\n", (long) t_of_day);
}

This code will give you the unexpected value of -1. On a 64 bit operating system like Windows 10 you will get a reasonable value of 2147572800 since it is not using a signed 32-bit integer. This problem will mostly affect older computers running 32-bit operating systems, embedded systems running Linux, and MySQL. While you might think you have plenty of time before this becomes a problem, it is only necessary for software to attempt to get a date 20 years from now in the form of Unix time to encounter this problem.

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Macbeth in New York City

Yesterday I made yet another bus trip to New York City to see a professional production of Macbeth. This was my first day trip after spending a full week in New York City for vacation last month.

We arrived in New York City around 10:00 a.m. The bus dropped us off on West 42nd Street which was a little unusual. I was able to immediately go to the 42nd Street – Times Square station and took a N train downtown to Union Square. I spent most of the day in the area south of Union Square, down into the East Village. Since the matinee show I came to see did not begin until 2:00 p.m. I did a little shopping and photographed some establishments I had overlooked on previous trips.

First I went to the Strand Bookstore and used their restroom on the second floor behind the children’s section. Then I went back downstairs to the first floor and searched their drama shelves for plays on my shopping list. I did not find anything on my list. The closest book was Saved by Edward Bond so I bought that. Next I went to the Science Fiction section where I had better luck. I found Into the Looking Glass by John Ringo and The Beautiful Thing That Awaits Us All by Laird Barron. I had to climb a ladder to reach the Into the Looking Glass book. The total came to $32.00 even.

Strand Bookstore

Strand Bookstore

After that I walked several blocks to photograph the following establishments; Classic Stage Company, Vintage New York Lifestyle, Village East Cinema, Obscura Antiques & Oddities, and Webster Hall. The Vintage New York Lifestyle or VNYL is a night club featuring 1970s decor. Based on photos I’ve seen on their Facebook page, it looks like a popular spot for the glitterati. Classic Stage Company appears to be a coffee shop but there is also an Off-Broadway theater in the back. I dropped my camera while attempting to take a photo of the entrance but fortunately my camera has a steel case. It was fine even after dropping to the pavement and bouncing a few times.

Vintage New York Lifestyle

Vintage New York Lifestyle

I did some further shopping at Forbidden Planet which is not far from the Strand Bookstore. Although Forbidden Planet mostly sells comic books and graphic novels, they do carry science fiction books and I was able to find The Divine Invasion by Philip K. Dick, another title on my shopping list. I think I had placed this book on my shopping list because it was an early and influential book on virtual reality. We are practically living in an era of virtual reality given how glued people are to their smartphones. Some people never take their eyes off their smartphones and are totally oblivious of the world around them.

Obscura Antiques & Oddities did not open until 12:00 p.m. Noon. There was an UPS truck  parked in front of the store the entire time I was in the neighborhood so I never did get an unobstructed photo of the exterior. This store stocks obscure oddities which really appeals to me. For some reason, I love anything that is odd and obscure, the hidden gems of culture. This partially explains my interest in the occult but it is more accurate to say I’m drawn to the odd and the obscure than to the supernatural itself. Anyway, Obscura Antiques & Oddities had been forced to move to this new location and I found the store to be really small and cramped. They had a choice selection of obscure oddities but the selection was meager and everything was expensive. Most of the good stuff was in glass cases and everything was professionally arranged to suggest Ye Olde Curiosity Cabinet.

Obscura Antiques and Oddities

Obscura Antiques and Oddities

I had a lot of time to kill from Noon to 2:00 p.m. so I walked far south on Avenue A although it felt more like I was going west. I took photos of the buildings on street corners that were in good light just to document some of the architecture. I came across a few unfamiliar establishments like the Hairy Lemon that I photographed with the intention of researching them later to add to my notes. Eventually I wandered into more familiar territory and located the KGB Bar, La Mama Experimental Theater, and New York Theatre Workshop to take better photos of these establishments.

At 1:20 p.m. I returned to the Classic Stage Company on West 13th Street and picked up my will call ticket. I had to wait around the outside of the coffee shop until around 1:40 p.m. when they opened the theater doors allowing me to take my seat. They did not hand out theater programs. I loved the look of the Classic Stage Company’s theater space. It is much larger than you would suspect judging from the coffee shop out front. The theater space was a bit cavernous with exposed brick walls and a large thrust stage. There was a sort of balcony or interior loggia above the rear of the stage which was part of the performance space. I could see the stairs the actors would climb to reach it although the stairs were only visible from my side of the thrust stage. A technical booth was located above the performance space entrance. This performance space gave the impression of being backstage in some decrepit theater witnessing the rehearsal of a performance, rather than the performance itself. Part of that impression was created by the bare stage and little use of props or costumes.

Classic Stage Company

Classic Stage Company

The show itself was suitably eerie and appropriate to the season, Halloween. The big question for any production of Macbeth is how to portray the three witches. For this production they chose to have the entire company say the lines in unison, except for Macbeth and Banquo of course. This gave the three witches an aspect of a chorus or an occult coven. Macbeth was played by actor Corey Stoll and Lady Macbeth was played by Nadia Bowers, his wife in real life. Corey Stoll is a great actor. Although he is not a movie star, he does appear in some classy movies like The Seagull (2018 film) starring Saoirse Ronan. Corey Stoll is a very personable actor, a likeable man, and a bit charming. Unfortunately these qualities are not ideal for playing a great tragic figure like Macbeth. I thought his performance was a tad insouciant at times which caused some unintentional laughs. I don’t know if they intended to make Macbeth a charming rogue or if the actor simply could not avoid letting his true personality show through, but sometimes it clashed with the grim nature of the drama. The audience took any opportunity to relieve the tension with laughter so any line delivered too casually got a big laugh. It is interesting to observe this because it shows that tragedy is tricky to pull off. You really need to maintain a grim tone throughout with nobody dropping the heightened pitch of tortuous emotions. It only takes one line delivered with not quite the right degree of emotion to kill the mood.

Don’t get me wrong, this was the most professional production of Shakespeare I’ve ever seen. I’ve read the plays and seen some great movies, but I’ve never seen a top notch production of Shakespeare done with serious-minded, professional actors. The director of this play made some interesting choices, but I’ve seen enough film versions of Macbeth to not mind a slightly unconventional approach. I really liked the supernatural aspect of the play and this performance.

When the play was over, around 3:50 p.m, I immediately waked to Union Square and took a 5 train uptown to 42nd Street – Grand Central. This was a bit of a mistake since I meant to go to the Times Square Theater District. However, I easily corrected this error by taking the S train, the 42nd Street Shuttle over to Times Square. I had a reservation at Havana Central Times Square but that was for 6:00 p.m. I decided to do some more shopping to fill the time. First I went to BookOff on West 45th Street. There I found two CDs on my shopping list; The Lion and the Cobra by Sinéad O’Connor and The Best of Morrisey. The day before my trip, I had revised my shopping list to include more rock albums that I might actually find at a record store. Next I went to Theatre Circle on West 44th Street to search for plays on my shopping list. This store now carries a lot of play scripts in the room at the back. I discovered that the play scripts were arranged in alphabetical order by title, not by author. I didn’t see any plays I was tempted to buy except for Balm in Gilead by Lanford Wilson. However, it was a little pricey for an acting edition so I decided against it.

I arrived at Havana Central Times Square a little early since I really needed to use the restroom. The restaurant was packed but I think they had a little table waiting for my reservation and I was shown to it right away. I went off to find the restroom straight away since they did not take my order right away. I ordered the Classic Cuban Sandwich with sweet potato fries. This sandwich was pretty huge so I was only able to eat one half. The sandwich was cut in half. I also ordered a batidos, Cuban milk shake, with milk and coconut. The waiter joked that this was a virgin piña colada! For dessert I had a Churro Ice Cream Bowl. Altogether with tip this meal cost me $37.50 which is cheaper than many Theater District restaurants. Havana Central Times Square was one of the restaurants I had considered eating at during my vacation the previous month since it is on 46th Street.

Havana Central Times Square

Havana Central Times Square

After dinner I just wandered around Times Square a bit before heading down to West 42nd Street to wait for the bus home. The bus did show up quite early, around 7:15 p.m. so I was able to wait on the bus. There was one passenger in a wheelchair who had to use the lift. This required me to leave my seat. In the end, one passenger did not show up and did not have a cell phone so they had to leave somebody behind.

This proved to be another inspiring trip even though it came too soon after my week long vacation in New York City. Classic Stage Company will go on my list of preferred theaters like Irish Repertory Theatre, since too many theaters have become obsessed with social justice representation to do work of exceptional artistic merit. However, I’m not sure if I want to continue to explore American cities. I think it is time I got my passport renewed so I can return to visiting more exotic cities in Europe.

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New York City Vacation – Day Eight

Saturday, September 28, 2019 was the final day of my historic New York City vacation. However, there was a slight problem. An invoice from the hotel was slipped under my door which indicated that I needed to check out that day. My bus ride home would not leave until tomorrow morning. I had to go down to the lobby and straighten that out. Fortunately I was able to extend my stay for an additional day. I didn’t even need to change rooms.

After I had taken care of that problem, I went to Pret a Manger for breakfast. I had a cup of coffee, a parfait berry yogurt, an egg and cheese baguette, and a small bottle of orange juice. I gave a dollar to a homeless man in the restaurant and he bothered me for an additional 10 minutes. After eating breakfast I made another ATM withdrawal at 7:34 a.m. for $80.00.

The hotel mix up and being bothered by the homeless man made me dread having a bad day, but fortunately nothing else happened to ruin my day. My goal for this day was to visit the Hudson Yards development site which now has a shopping mall, a theater, and a tourist attraction. Although I had a ticket to see a show at The Shed, the theater at the Hudson Yards, I intended to see if I could see a matinee of a Broadway show instead.

High Line Park

High Line Park

I walked to the Times Square station and took the 7 train to the 34th Street–Hudson Yards Station which was only one stop away.  The 34th Street–Hudson Yards Station is a brand new subway station which looks quite different from other NYC subway stations. I took a lot of photos of the turnstiles, the escalator, and the platform. I took some photos of the Vessel which is a cool attraction that I planned to do later in the day. I found the stairs to the High Line and saw the spur which had a Brick House Statue by artist Simone Leigh. I followed the High Line all the way to its end at the Whitney Museum of American Art. Along the High Line Park I saw lots of condos with interesting architecture like the 520 West 28th Street condos by Zaha Hadid Architects, the 512W22 Office Building, and the Lantern House by Heatherwick Studio.

I located the Twitter headquarters on West 17th Street but it was covered by a sidewalk shed. So I went to the 18th Street Station entrance for the 1 train and took it uptown to the 50th Street Station. At 10:00 a.m. I went to the the TKTS Booth and bought a ticket for the matinee performance of Beetlejuice, the musical. Seat H 114 for $109.20. This turned out to be a pretty good seat. This was the very first time I bought a ticket at the TKTS Booth. It turns out that you can only buy tickets for the day of the performance.

The Vessel

The Vessel

After getting that taken care of I retraced my steps to return to the Hudson Yards neighborhood. I added value to my MetroCard in the amount of $20.00 because my 7 day pass had expired. I presented my printed ticket for the Vessel and climbed the stairs to the topmost level. I took photos of the interior, the skyscrapers, people around a hotel pool that was visible from the Vessel, and the trains in the train yard. I thought it was a pretty cool experience and not too tiring even with all those stairs.

Fuku

Fuku

I went into the Shops & Restaurants at Hudson Yards and ate lunch at Fuku at 11:53 a.m. I had the Finger Sando Meal with Waffle Fries and a large strawberry slushie which was difficult to drink through a straw. I checked out a few stores but most of the clothing stores were too high end for my budget. The b8ta store sold electronics and gadgets which did tempt me a little.

Not long after eating lunch I took the 7 train uptown to Times Square station and walked as fast as I could up to 50th Street to the Winter Garden Theatre. I stood in line with my ticket until about 1:25 p.m. I bought a souvenir cup of wine for like $27.00 which was outrageous. They even made a joke about the expensive wine during the show. The white wine made me a little bit tipsy and I did not bother to get a refill during intermission.

I was supposed to see Arca Epilogue: Boundary at The Shed at 2:00 p.m. but I ditched that because it struck me as being intended for a youth audience. It was also going to go on for five hours and they insisted on locking up your smartphones in a case. I also don’t think there would have been any seats so I would have been standing for five hours. I only paid $15.00 for a ticket to that so I think I made the right decision to do something else instead.

Beetlejuice at the Winter Garden

Beetlejuice at the Winter Garden

Beetlejuice, the Musical was a fun show. It was like being in a goth fun house. I don’t know why I didn’t realize that this show would be ideal for me when I was planning my trip. I have not seen the movie in ages so it was very nostalgic for me. The show featured special effects like fog and lightning and it used giant puppets. Beetlejuice was almost good enough to inspire an infatuation in me.

After the show I returned to my hotel and then immediately went out to Duane Reade to buy a bottle of Starbucks Frapacino Vanilla for $3.79 because I was very thirsty. In fact, I only bought the wine at the show because I was so thirsty.

After that I took a long walk along West 50th Street to the Rockefeller Center. I took photos of; Radio City Music Hall, St. Patrick’s Cathedral, the Atlas sculpture, Villard Houses, St Bartholomew’s Church, the MetLife Building, the Seagram Building, the Grolier Club, French Institute : Alliance Française, the Plaza Hotel, the Sherman Memorial, and the Apple Cube. It had been a long time since I had walked that far east in MidTown Manhattan.

I stopped in at a Central Park South Pret a Manger and ordered a Honey Banana Bowl and a can of Blood Orange Soda at 6:40 p.m because I was thirsty. By 7:00 p.m. I was back in my hotel room. I would have gone back out to experience Times Square at night but I’ve seen it so often that I didn’t feel the need to eek out anything more from my trip.

With this vacation, I think I have finally had my fill of New York City. I have another day trip scheduled for October 26 but after that I shall focus on a new city. For my next major trip I’m thinking of returning to Europe, Amsterdam or maybe Dublin, but first I have to get my passport renewed.

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New York City Vacation – Day Seven

By Friday, September 27, 2019, I had gone through everything on my itinerary so I had to plan a day from scratch. I decided to visit some more minor museums on the Upper East Side, but further north on Fifth Avenue. For breakfast I repeated my routine and ate at Pret a Manger where I had a cup of coffee, a parfait berry yogurt, a mozzarella and tomato croissant, and a small bottle of orange juice. I also went to Duane Reade again and withdrew another $80.00 at 8:33 a.m.

I walked to the 42nd Street Station where I took the S line shuttle to Grand Central. I transferred to the 6 line and went uptown to 103rd Street Station. This subway station is in Spanish Harlem. I walked west and had enter a tunnel through the Metro-North viaduct to reach 5th Avenue. The museums did not open until 10:00 a.m. and I got there at 9:22 a.m. so I had time to explore the northern end of Central Park. I saw the lovely Conservatory Garden with its Burnett Fountain and Untermyer Fountain. I walked around the Harlem Meer and saw the Huddlestone Arch. That part of Central Park was like being in the woods. It even had a waterfall, a creek, and a pond. New Yorkers might appreciate that bit of nature but it was nothing unusual to me.

I paid $20.o0 admission to the Museum of the City of New York at 10:23 a.m. I saw exhibits on activists, the labor movement, American Indians, and special exhibits entitled: the Voice of the Village, Pride Photographs of Stonewall and Beyond, Cycling in the City, New York at its Core, Timescapes film, and the Stettheimer Dollhouse. Overall the exhibits were heavily weighted towards the Left and would probably infuriate a conservative. I liked the Timescapes film and wasted about a half hour watching the entire thing.

Museum of the City of New York

Museum of the City of New York

Next I went to El Museo del Barrio right next door. Admission to this museum was only $9.00. The front of the building was covered with scaffolding which made it difficult to determine if I had the right place. This museum was devoted to Latino art. There are few Latinos in Central Pennsylvania so I don’t have any prejudices against them. Most of the time I won’t even register that somebody is Latino. I wonder if that is even a legitimate race since many people in South America are of European descent. I’m a bit interested in  South American culture. Buenos Aires, Argentina’s cosmopolitan capital city, has caught my fancy because it is said to be the Paris of South America, heavily influenced by European culture. I have not really looked into the matter, but I think the Left perpetuates stereotypes about immigrants and conceals the cosmopolitan nature of South American culture. I’m sure Buenos Aires is a modern city with software companies and an extensive theater community that we know nothing about. The largest exhibit at El Museo del Barrio seemed to be just an extensive series of panels with photographs about the history of the museum, but there was some art work as well. Most of the art work was political in nature.

El Museo del Barrio

El Museo del Barrio

After seeing just those two museums on the Upper East Side I went back to my hotel and had lunch at Pret a Manger. I was probably going there too often and wasting the opportunity to try new restaurants, but I was tired of paying too much for a meal. I had a Ham & Cheese Baguette, a Sunshine Bowl (which I did not like), and can of coke.

Museum of Sex Punk Lust

Museum of Sex Punk Lust

I walked to the Museum of Modern Art but it was closed until October. I had to make do with photographing a few pieces of public art in the area. So instead of seeing modern art I went to the Museum of Sex. This proved to be a good move because one of their special exhibits was on punk rock; Punk Lust: Raw Provocation 1971-1985. This was the second museum exhibit on punk rock I’ve seen in New York City and much of the material I saw was familiar to me from my own collection of punk rock memorabilia. It is sad when your youth becomes fodder for the history museums. But I wasn’t expecting this so I was glad I happened to visit the museum. Another exhibit was showing graphic vintage stag films which was a bit awkward to watch. I’ve joked that the Museum of Sex should add some interactive exhibits and was amused to find that they’ve actually done that! I saw a vibrating bull ride for the ladies and a glory hole game which probably used dildos. Needless to say I didn’t want to play! I also saw a 7 minute film on erotic carnivals which ended with a walk-in kaleidoscope that was pretty psychedelic. I left the Museum of Sex around 4:00 p.m. and returned to my hotel. When I got to Times Square I noticed that they had unveiled a new temporary bronze statue, Rumors of War by artist Kehinde Wiley.

KGB Bar

KGB Bar

That evening I had planned to attend a literary event being held at an East Village bar I’ve been meaning to visit, KGB Bar. However, there was a mix up and I went to the wrong floor. Instead of the NYU Emerging Writers reading I saw a variety show “Roommates” in the Red Room. I probably should have gone back down to the other bar for the reading but there were no seats available there so I decided to see the variety show instead. There was a two drink minimum so I had a can of IPA (Indian Pale Ale) and a glass of chardonnay. The variety show featured some singing and comedy acts on the subject of apartment roommates. One of the comedians mentioned the old goth band Coil which caught my attention. I thought this was pretty interesting example of New York City nightlife even though it wasn’t what I set out to see. It was probably more interesting than the literary reading. I was slightly inebriated when I left the bar but I did take the time to take some great night shots of the East Village. Previously I had taken some photos in the evening which turned out well.

 

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